Guardamar del Segura
Guardamar is to the south of the river Segura, that ends in the Mediterranean in its municipal term. Official and traditionally has always formed part of the Vega Baja del Segura region, historical and geographical reasons. It is the most southern municipality where Valencian is spoken. This language is used officially, along with Spanish, municipal administration and education, although in recent years the use of Valencian has been decreasing, being reduced its use at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The cause of this fact can be motivated by several factors: the prestige and persecution suffered by that language until some decades ago, the fact that the locality is almost totally surrounded by other municipalities of traditional Spanish speech, and mainly because of the immigration Arrival from Spanish-speaking areas and from abroad.
According to data from the 1991 census of inhabitants, 41.8% of the population of Guardamar del Segura knew how to speak Valencian and only 20.5% of the population was able to read it. However, since the arrival of democracy, there are various signs of the revitalization of the consciousness of its inhabitants as a Valencian-speaking municipality, such as the arrival of several "correlenguas", to the locality, the increase of the census of names in Valencian, Change of name of some streets or the teaching in the schools with said language like vehicular.
Among the associations that promote the survival and normalization of Valencian, is the Cultural Association La Gola. Its municipal term counts on 11 km of coast, in which they are from north to south the beach of the Tusales (located to the south of the limit with Elche and separated from the rest of the term by the mouth of the Segura, is of nudist enjoyment), Los Viveros beach, Babilonia beach, Centro beach, La Roqueta beach, Moncayo beach, Campo beach and Las Ortigas beach (which continues on the south with the municipality of Torrevieja) .
Located on the southeast coast of the province of Alicante, in the region of the Vega Baja del Segura, this municipality has an area of ??almost 36 square kilometers where it has a population density of almost 440 inhabitants per square kilometer and a total population Of less than 16 thousand inhabitants.
As with other municipalities, this has been one of the oldest in settlements because its geographical location logically favored that it was populated by diverse groups of people since, having access to the coast, it becomes a privileged position for the Fishing, for trade and for expansion.
The first remains that were found in the municipality correspond to the so-called prehistory, being evidence that some small town decided to place a settlement in the locality taking advantage of the wealth in fish that was had as well as availability in lands for the crop.
Later the discovery of the remains of a Phoenician settlement was made which indicates that apparently this town could have arrived at the coasts of the province and could have taken advantage of them, so much for the establishment of inland commercial routes as towards other points of the coast .
After the withdrawal of the Phoenicians, the Arabs took over the town and began their population with the construction of villas and infrastructure in addition to the construction of fortresses with the intention of shielding the municipality from any attack because it was a really valuable position for the Arabs.
The reconquest was one of the most important periods for Spain, because, after the takeover of the municipality is started to be repopulated by Christians so the municipality became part of the kingdoms of Spain which resulted in a growth Economic and population.
At the beginning of the municipality, the great wealth of its lands, the commercial routes and the tropical climate typical of a beach, whereby the citrus cultivation was part of the economic activities which were completed by the fishing of lobsters and other seafood in The coasts of the municipality being activities of great value.
At present the municipality has had a migration towards the practice of other type of economic activities with the purpose of offering a greater dynamism, being that, tourism became the main activity in terms of economy leaving many more benefits than agriculture, fishing or the industry.